Also recognized as extreme picking eating, this disorder is associated with a low and/or limited food intake causing a persistent failure to meet the adequate requirements in nutrients and energy.
Unlike anorexia, whereby the individual limits his food intake due to the presence of a negative body image, people with ARFID tend to avoid eating certain foods because of the absence of interest in the food, disdain of some sensory characteristics of foods (texture, smell, etc.) or the fear of choking or vomiting if they do not like the food.
In children with ARFID, weight gain and growth are hindered while in adults, weight loss can occur. In both adults and children, nutritional deficiencies and a host of detrimental health consequences (physical and psychological) could arise.